Lymphatic Drainage Facials: The Latest Weapon Against Puffy, Dull Skin
Medically reviewed by Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN — Written by Lauren Sharkey on July 23, 2019
The lymphatic system is a crucial part of your immune system. Through a network of hundreds of lymph nodes, it drains fluid called lymph to be transported back into your bloodstream. It also removes bodily waste and carries white blood cells that help prevent infection.
When there’s any kind of obstruction in your lymphatic system, fluid can start to build up. That’s where lymphatic drainage — a specialized type of massage therapy — comes in.
Traditionally, it’s been used to treat lymphedema, a condition marked by chronic swelling that can occur after lymph node removal.
But in recent years, some have started incorporating facial lymphatic drainage into their beauty regimen as a weapon against puffy, dull complexion and skin irritation. Some have gone so far as to call it a nonsurgical facelift.
But does it actually live up to the hype? The evidence is shaky. Read on to learn what lymphatic drainage for your face can and can’t do.
Does it have any medical benefits?
“Lymphatic drainage treatments accelerate the absorption and transportation of lymphatic fluids which contain toxins, bacteria, viruses, and proteins,” says certified lymphedema therapist Lisa Levitt Gainsley.
This acceleration of the lymphatic system is an evidence-backedTrusted Source game changer for people with lymphedema or other conditions involving the lymphatic system. It can even help to reduce swelling after surgery, as one 2007 studyTrusted Source about its use after wisdom tooth removal points out.
Levitt Gainsley notes that the treatment is also helpful for conditions such as acne, eczema, and digestive disorders.
What about its aesthetic benefits?
Beauty bloggers and massage therapists alike often tout lymphatic drainage as a way to improve the appearance of the skin by reducing fine lines, wrinkles, and eye bags.
In 2015, beauty company Shiseido, together with a professor from Osaka University, Japan, found a link between the skin and lymphatic vessels.
They concluded that reduced functioning of dermal lymphatic vessels resulted in skin sagging. But instead of lymphatic drainage, they recommended pine cone extract as a remedy.
Lymphatic drainage, however, was the focus of a study by researchers at Australia’s Flinders University. Announced in 2012, results surrounding the technique’s effects on the eye area don’t seem to have yet been published.
An aesthetic benefit relating to bodily lymphatic drainage was found in a 2010 study. The authors concluded that lymphatic drainage effectively reduced thigh circumference and the thickness of both thigh and abdominal fat in people with cellulite.
It was a small study involving around 60 people, but the results do suggest that lymphatic drainage may have firming properties.
Some experts aren’t so convinced by claims about lymphatic drainage relation to improved skin appearance.
In an article published by the Journal of Clinical InvestigationTrusted Source, dermatologist George Cotsarelis questioned whether people even have lymphatic drainage issues in their facial area.
“If you do, you’re certainly not going to get a facial to solve them,” he said, adding: “A normal person does not have lymphatic problems on their face.” Keep in mind, however, that people can develop lymphedema in the head or neck.
Fellow dermatologist Michael Detmar did admit in the article that the aging process, coupled with sun damage, can result in fewer lymphatic vessels and a deterioration of lymphatic function.
“You might be able to make a case that you could reduce fluid buildup by having a facial to encourage drainage when your skin has fewer lymphatics. So promoting lymphatic flow can have benefits,” he said. “Whether or not this is achieved with a facial is a different story.”
Although some therapists state that facial lymphatic drainage can produce results resembling a miniature facelift, the evidence so far is mainly anecdotal, meaning it comes only from those who’ve tried it (or those who offer it).
Link to original article below.